Accelerated aging of absorber coatings for CSP receivers under real high solar flux – Evolution of their optical properties

R. Reoyo-Prats, A. Carling Plaza, O. Faugeroux, B. Claudet, A. Soum-Glaude, C. Hildebrandt, Y. Binyamin, A. Agüero, T. Meißner

Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 193 (2019), 92-100, DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2018.12.030

The use of durable high solar absorptance receivers is a key element in a CSP plant project. In this article, different receiver materials are studied: four alloy substrates (T91, T22, VM12, Inconel 617) combined with four new absorber coatings, operable in solar towers with molten salts or steam as heat transfer fluids, and a classic Pyromark® paint considered as a reference. In order to test the durability of the coatings, 200 solar accelerated aging cycles were applied on the samples, using a concentrated solar facility (named SAAF). The cycles were defined so as to apply realistic high solar flux and temperature on the front side of the samples, and with high cooling and heating rates reproducing the fast variation of solar irradiation due to cloudy weather and subsequent thermal shocks. The optical characteristics of the coatings were measured at the beginning and at regular intervals during the aging procedure. Different behaviors of the coatings were observed depending on the substrate, before any aging cycle. After this first aging campaign, some evolutions were observed on the solar absorptance or thermal emittance, depending on the substrate and the coating. Nevertheless, the degradations noticed are not significant enough to conclude about the durability of the coatings.

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